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Management and conservation of marine ecosystems

Two main objectives: learn how to evaluate the pollutions levels (1) and how to protect the costal ecosystems (2). 


1- Pollutions: Learning about the pollutions and man-made effects on marine coastal environments, and learn how to monitor the pollution level using various practical methods (AMBI, M-AMBI, IE2C, etc… Imposex levels and other DCE and DCSMM indices ). 
Pollutions types :  Broad overview about the  pollutions threatening the marine ecosystems:
- Chemical pollutants: trace metals, radionucleids, Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH), Organohalogens (PCBs), Dioxines & Furanes, Pesticides and other Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) such as TBT, plastic and litter…
- Biological pollutants: sewage and organic matter, eutrophication and harmful blooms
Practical work on: 
- Eutrophication and harmful phytoplancton species,  
- Persistent Organic Pollutants:  Tributyltin (TBT) and Snail Imposex, 
- AMBI, M-AMBI, IE2C calculations
- Large species surveys to analyze and to present.

2- Marine conservation and protection: how to create effective marine protected areas (MPA).
- AMP at high Seas in the Antarctic areas : example of ROSS Sea 
- Practical work in the classroom on dedicated articles