Management of Marine Living Resources in Practice
Module 1 (3 ECTS): Management of marine menaces.
Biological invasions: Attributes of invasive species. Recipient communities. Factors that favor invasiveness. Introduction vectors in marine ecosystems: ballast water. Fouling. Aquaculture and accidental introductions. Secondary dispersal. Quarantine and management techniques. Marine invasives in Europe. Management of invasives databases. Socioeconomic aspects of marine invasions. Prevention versus eradication. Social perception of invasives. Risk analysis and cost valuation. Genetics of marine invasions. Applications to early detection, identification of cryptic species, monitoring of exotic populations, inference of origin. Genetic variability of invaders. Coevolution of exotic species and recipient communities.
Module 2 (3 ECTS): Management of populations in captivity.
Principles of aquaculture. Main species for aquaculture in Europe. Main aquaculture procedures. Culture and reproduction. The relationship between aquaculture and conservation. Biological and ecological criteria for the selection of new species. Practices of culture and breeding in aquaculture. Reproduction: manipulation and induction. Impact of alien species. Environmental impact of marine aquaculture. Sustainable aquaculture. Novel techniques for sustainable aquaculture: sustainable water use, feeding systems, residue treatment. Control of new pathologies and genetic diffusion.